Copyright / Permission to Reproduce
Reproduction of Government Symbols
The Supreme Court of Canada Web sites do not automatically gather any specific personal information from you, such as your name, phone number or email address. We would only obtain this type of information if you supply it by sending us an email, an on-line form, or registering in a secure portion of the site.
The Supreme Court of Canada is not subject to the provisions of the Privacy Act. Nonetheless, the Policy for Access to Supreme Court of Canada Court Records addresses privacy concerns with respect to court records.
The Supreme Court of Canada employs software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, or otherwise cause damage. This software receives and records the Internet Protocol (IP) address of the computer that has contacted our Web site, the date and time of the visit and the pages visited. We make no attempt to link these addresses with the identity of individuals visiting our site unless an attempt to damage the site has been detected.
The Supreme Court of Canada does not normally use "cookies" to track how our visitors use this site or to determine sites previously visited. The system will notify you before any cookies are used so that you may refuse them. (A "cookie" is a file that may be placed on your hard drive without your knowledge by a Web site to allow it to monitor your use of the site.)
Information on individual visitors is used by Supreme Court of Canada employees who need to know the information to respond to your request or to ensure the security of this system. We only share the information you give us with another government department if your inquiry relates to that department. We do not use the information to create individual profiles, nor do we disclose this information to anyone outside the Government of Canada.
Questions or comments regarding privacy may be directed to email@example.com.
The Supreme Court of Canada respects the Official Languages Act and the relevant Treasury Board policies, and is committed to ensuring all information and services on this site are available in both English and French. However, visitors should be aware that some information on the site may come from external sources that are not subject to the Official Languages Act. For example, appeal factums that are posted on this Wb site are prepared by litigants in the official language of their choice and are posted without modification by the Court. Information from external sources is only provided as a convenience and is available only in the language in which it was provided.
Links to the Supreme Court of Canada's Web site
Sites wishing to link to the Supreme Court of Canada's Web site do not need to request permission to do so. We do, however, ask that you follow these linking practices.
- Use only text links for linking to the Supreme Court of Canada's Web sites.
- Do not link and/or use the official symbols of the Supreme Court of Canada, Government of Canada and Federal Identity Program (FIP) signatures as navigational aids.
- The official symbols of the GoC and the FIP signatures appear on non-government sites only when they are used to identify a government contribution or participation in a Collaborative Arrangement.
- The creation of a link must not confuse the user as to the source of the information through such practices as framing.
- The links provided must respect the Copyright Notice that governs materials published on the Supreme Court of Canada's Web sites and indicate that users must obtain permission to reproduce material that is subject to copyright.
Links from the Supreme Court of Canada's Web site
Links to Web sites not under the control of the Government of Canada are provided solely for the convenience of visitors. The government is not responsible for the accuracy, currency or the reliability of the content. The government does not offer any guarantee in that regard and is not responsible for the information found through these links, nor does it endorse the sites and their content.
Visitors should also be aware that information offered by non-Government of Canada sites to which the Supreme Court of Canada links is not subject to the Privacy Act or the Official Languages Act, and may not be accessible to persons with disabilities. The information offered may be available only in the language(s) used by the sites in question and visitors should research the privacy policies of the sites before providing personal information.
The Supreme Court of Canada's Web site is aimed at delivering information and services to users that are relevant and applicable to its mandate. To this end, the following criteria will be used by the Supreme Court of Canada to determine the suitability of links to and from its Web sites.
If you would like to request that the Supreme Court of Canada provide a link to your site from our Web sites, please review the criteria below before submitting your request. You must specify how your request meets our criteria, as any decision to post links on this site will be subject to these criteria. Even if your request meets our criteria, the Supreme Court of Canada reserves the right to refuse to post a link.
- The content of the site reflects the aims and objectives of the Supreme Court of Canada and are consistent with its mandate.
- The creation of a link does not provide unfair competitive
advantage through on-line endorsements of third party interests.
Links are provided for convenience purposes only and are not
an endorsement or rating of the content of the sites to which
they are made.
Please note that links created within the context of a Collaborative Arrangement are not considered an endorsement or providing an unfair competitive advantage.
- The site is not considered inappropriate due to its content or its affiliations.
- The content of the site complies with the laws of Canada, which includes such items as copyright, privacy, human rights, labour legislation and registration of domain names.
- The content of the site is kept current and accurate.
- The site must allow users to navigate back to the present site; they cannot block the user's return to this site by using embedded code or other techniques within the linked page that prevent the use of the browser "back" button.
- The site provides contact information that includes, as a minimum, two of the following: e-mail address, postal mail address, phone number and TTY/TTD.
In addition, please note that:
- preference may be given to sites that make their information available in both official languages;
- preference may be given to sites that meet the accessibility requirements outlined in Common Look and Feel Standards 2.0; and
- preference may be given to sites that provide uninterrupted, free access to users.
General parameters governing linking
The Supreme Court of Canada reserves the right to refuse to post a link, to refuse to renew a link, or to terminate an existing link without prior notice due to non-compliance with the criteria mentioned above or for any other appropriate reason which may include, but is not restricted to site navigation or content problems or frequent client complaints.
The Supreme Court of Canada does not sell advertising or the benefits associated with links or banners.
Links may not work as we do not control the availability of linked pages.
The Supreme Court of Canada does not display third party logos, images or icons on its Web site unless a Collaborative Arrangement exists.
Materials on this Web site were produced and/or compiled by the Supreme Court of Canada for the purpose of providing Canadians with direct access to information about the programs and services offered by the Government of Canada.
The material on this site is covered by the provisions of the Copyright Act, by Canadian laws, policies, regulations and international agreements. Such provisions serve to identify the information source and, in specific instances, to prohibit reproduction of materials without written permission.
The decisions and reasons for decision of the Supreme Court of Canada fall within the terms of the Reproduction of Federal Law Order, P.C. 1996-1995, December 19, 1996, SI/97-5, and may be reproduced, in whole or in part and by any means, without further permission from the Supreme Court of Canada.
The headnotes and other editorial features do not fall within the terms of the Reproduction of Federal Law Order.
The information on this site generated by the Supreme Court of Canada, other than government symbols, has been posted with the intent that it be readily available for personal and public non-commercial use and may be reproduced, in part or in whole and by any means, without charge or further permission from the Supreme Court of Canada. We ask only that:
- users exercise due diligence in ensuring the accuracy of the materials reproduced;
- the Supreme Court of Canada be identified as the source; and
- the reproduction is not represented as an official version of the materials reproduced, nor as having been made, in affiliation with or with the endorsement of the Supreme Court of Canada.
Official Symbols of the Government of Canada
The official symbols of the Government of Canada, including the Arms of Canada, may not be reproduced, whether for commercial or non-commercial purposes, without written authorization from the Treasury Board Secretariat. Requests for authorization may be addressed to:
Federal Identity Program
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat
300 Laurier Avenue West
Canada K1A 0R5
Official marks and other protected material of the Supreme Court of Canada
The official marks or other protected material of the Supreme Court of Canada may not be reproduced, whether for commercial or non-commercial purposes, without written authorization from the Supreme Court of Canada. The Supreme Court of Canada’s four official marks were published in volume 44 of the Trade-marks Journal on August 13, 1997, on page 163. Requests for authorization to use the official marks or other protected material may be addressed to:
General Counsel at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Reproduction in multiple copies for commercial redistribution of all or part of material produced by the Supreme Court of Canada that is obtained either on this site or directly from the Court is prohibited except with written permission from the Government of Canada's copyright administrator, Public Works and Government Services Canada (PWGSC). Through the permission-granting process, PWGSC helps to ensure that individuals / organizations wishing to reproduce Government of Canada materials for commercial purposes have access to the most accurate, up-to-date versions. To obtain permission to reproduce materials on this site for commercial purposes, please go to PWGSC's Apply for Crown Copyright Clearance page or visit the Crown Copyright and Licensing page.
The use and reproduction of material filed by third parties may be restricted under the Copyright Act and other legislation. To obtain information concerning copyright ownership of specific material, please contact us at the address below. With regard to photographs, videos or Webcasts, please submit a completed Request to Use Supreme Court of Canada Photographs, Videos or Webcasts.
Supreme Court of Canada
301 Wellington Street
Appeal factums on this Web site are prepared by or on behalf of the parties to proceedings. To obtain information concerning copyright ownership and restrictions on reproduction of appeal factums on this site, please contact the author directly. His or her contact information appears on the first page of each factum.
Webcasts of Supreme Court of Canada proceedings may not be broadcast, rebroadcast, transmitted, reproduced, communicated to the public by telecommunication, or otherwise made available in whole or in part in any form or by any means, electronic or otherwise, or stored in whole or in part in any information storage and retrieval system, without the prior written authorization of the Supreme Court of Canada.
Since 1994, the decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada have been available on the Internet through an initiative of the LexUM laboratory at University of Montréal's Faculty of Law.
LexUM has played a pioneering role in making legal materials freely accessible to the public in electronic format. LexUM receives decisions rendered by the Supreme Court of Canada as soon as they are released and posts them on its site, where they may be accessed on the day of release by the Court under "Recent Judgments". This version of a decision will subsequently be replaced by the one published in the Supreme Court Reports.
LexUM also receives electronic versions of Press Releases and of the Bulletin of Proceedings and posts them on its site.
It is worthwhile to note other Canadian organizations which have contributed to the development of a free and publically accessible collection of the decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada. The Court would like to thank the Law Foundation of Ontario, which, in 2007-2008 financed a digitization project of all decisions originating in Ontario, and made those decisions available to the Court. The Canadian Legal Information Institute (CanLII) has also provided us with hundreds of historical decisions which are frequently cited but were not available in the database until 2008.
Some of the information in this Web site has been provided by external sources. The Supreme Court of Canada is not responsible for the accuracy, reliability or currency of the information provided by external sources. Users wishing to rely upon this information should consult directly with the source of the information. This disclaimer applies to appeal factums that are posted on this Web site. The relevant contact information appears on the first pages of each factum.
Please note that the decisions of the Supreme Court of Canada on this Web site have been prepared for convenience of reference only.
Despite the considerable care taken by the Supreme Court of Canada and LexUM in preparing this site, these organizations are in no way responsible for the accuracy or reliability of the information.
Decisions from 1994 to the present include the text as published in the Supreme Court Reports (S.C.R.).
Decisions from 1989 to 1993 do not include the revisions sometimes made before publication in the Supreme Court Reports (S.C.R).
The official versions of decisions and reasons for decision by the Supreme Court of Canada are published in the Supreme Court Reports (S.C.R.). Unreported judgments are those decisions which have been released, but not yet published in the S.C.R. Before decisions are published in the S.C.R., they may undergo revisions.